King Josiah - 2 kings 22-23
King Jehoiakim- 2 Kings 23-24
Habakkuk predicts the coming of the Babylonian invasion, 1:6
Habakkuk is representative of the godly in Judah
Hab. 2:4 used in the NT: Romans 1:17, Gal. 3:11, Heb 10:37-38
Outline of book:
1. 1st complaint 1:2-4
a. Why does evil seem to go unpunished?
2. God's answer 1:5-11
a. I am raising up the Babylonians
3. 2nd complaint 1:12-2:1
a. How could a holy God used unholy people to judge the righteous?
4. God's response, chapter 2
a. the just shall live by faith
b. Luther on Romans 1:17: "Then finally God had mercy on me, and I began to understand that the righteousness of God is a gift of God by which a righteous man lives, namely by faith, and that sentence: the righteousness of God is revealed in the Gospel, is passive, indicating that the merciful God justifies us by faith, as it is written: 'The righteous shall live by faith.' No I felt as though I have been reborn altogether and had entered paradise. In the same moment the face of the whole Scripture became apparent to me. My mind ran through the Scriptures, as far as I was able to recollect them, seeking analogies in other phrases such as the work of God, by which He makes us strong, the wisdom of God, by which He makes us wise, the strength of God, the salvation of God, the glory of God. Just as intensely as I had now hated the expression 'the righteousness of God', I now lovingly praised this most pleasant word. this passage from Paul became to me the very gate to Paradise."
c. 5 woes- v6,9,12,15,19
5. Habakkuk's prayer- chapter 3
a. v17-19 salvation and restoration guaranteed